What should i learn PHP vs Node js?

Since the invention of the internet, almost every day there are some new technologies emerging, that are trying to change the web landscape. Server-side of the web development also is divided, there are long-standing heavy-weights such as Java, C, and Perl and newer, more web-focused languages like Ruby, Clojure and Go.

There are lots of technology available to develop your project but the question is how to select a perfect solution for your project? So, we are going to compare two back-end technologies PHP vs NodeJS.

Since 90’s, PHP has always been there to take it to the next level. But with the advancements in technologies, PHP apps has become a primary target to security threats. To overcome these security issues and other low points of PHP, many alternatives have been launched in past few years, but nothing comes as close as Node.js. Today Node.js is quickly gaining popularity and is known for its smart performance.

PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language. It was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. PHP stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor. Usually, PHP is processed by an interpreter, powered by the Zend Engine, that is installed on web servers such as Apache and Nginx. Also, PHP code can be embedded into HTML/5 markup. This flexibility contributed to the popularity of the language, PHP is now used on more than 80% of web servers.

Here are the following points to choose PHP.

  1. It’s easier to configure the development environment for PHP.
  2. All internet hosting services support PHP.
  3. Official code organization recommendations (PSR).
  4. PHP makes it easy for the developers to mix code with content. One can simply open PHP tags and write codes without any need of templates or other files. It is designed to give the programming power at the fingertips of a developer.
  5. PHP code has a deep history in web development. All the major CMS platforms, like, WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal, including their plugins are all written in PHP, making it easy to use and modify it according to one’s needs.
  6. PHP has a larger library of instructions and frequently asked questions (there were plenty in 20 years).
  7. PHP is a simple and thin layer language with fewer variables and certain elementary functions. It’s a perfect option for a job that doesn’t require much complexity.
  8. The PHP developers community is a massive and diverse group of people, they are constantly re-visioning and updating libraries, frameworks and other PHP components.
  9. PHP supports MySQL and its other family members like MariaDB. By interfacing most stable codes with SQL database, PHP empowers its projects with extreme flexibility.
  10. When it comes to delivering a project quickly, PHP is usually the developer’s first choice. Without using any JAR files and compilers, it enables a developer to create a web application with simply an editor and PHP files.

PHP supports following database management systems:

  • MySQL
  • MySQLi
  • SQLite
  • PostgreSQL
  • Oracle(OCI8)
  • Oracle
  • Microsoft SQL Server
  • Sybase
  • ODBC
  • mSQL
  • IBM DB2
  • Cloudspace
  • Apache Derby
  • Informix
  • Ovrimos SQL
  • Lotus Notes
  • DB++
  • DBM
  • dBase
  • DBX
  • FrontBase
  • filePro
  • Ingres II
  • SESAM
  • Firebird/InterBase
  • Paradox File Access
  • MaxDB
  • PDO

Node.Js

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform JavaScript run-time environment for executing JavaScript code server-side. Node.js was created by Ryan Dahl in 2009. It is powered by Google’s V8 JS engine, that is the same engine that is used in Google Chrome web browser. This JS runtime environment doesn’t need a separate web server or other dependencies, there are built-in libraries that take care of that. Compared to PHP, Node.js is relatively young, however, it is already well recognized and used by giant companies like Microsoft, Yahoo, LinkedIn, and PayPal.

One of the main advantages of NodeJS is the support of. While it is a necessity in browsers, it is not that much needed in web development process.

Here are the following points to choose Node.js

  1. Built-in server support
  2. A single syntax for client and server side of the website. This improves the reusability of the code and makes the work of a full stack developer easier
  3. Node.js offers a wide range of new plugins that are designed to satisfy the modern needs of an architectural approach.
  4. A single syntax for client and server side of the website. This improves the reusability of the code and makes the work of a full stack developer easier
  5. With providing support for modern syntax, JavaScript also has other useful features like closures. One can extend it and pass the functions easily, making it an intelligent choice for programming of complex web apps.
  6. Though JavaScript code writing can be a bit tedious task, once done, it can make a web app faster than ever. With its brilliant callback mechanism and well-designed core, it provides raw speed to the web app.
  7. Node.js lets the developer design a data-rich and complex web app with an efficient delivery system. It reduces the repeated trips and saves the user’s time.

As you have seen, both Node.js and PHP have their benefits. If so, how do we make the right choice? It’s possible if we leverage our knowledge of both environment’s architectures and ecosystems.

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